Battle of the marathon

What happened in the Battle of Marathon?

Battle of Marathon , (September 490 bce), in the Greco-Persian Wars, decisive battle fought on the Marathon plain of northeastern Attica in which the Athenians, in a single afternoon, repulsed the first Persian invasion of Greece.

What was the Battle of Marathon and why was it important?

The Battle of Marathon was fought because the Persian Army wanted to defeat the Greek city-states that supported the uprisings in Ionia, part of modern-day Turkey, against the Persian Empire. The Persian expeditionary force of Darius I was not large, perhaps numbering under 30,000.

Why is the battle of Marathon called marathon?

Following their success at Marathon , legend has it the Athenians dispatched a runner named Pheidippides to announce the victory in Athens – some 26 miles away. Upon reaching Athens, Pheidippides is said to have exclaimed, “Nike!” (the Greek word for victory), before collapsing dead from exhaustion.

What year did the Battle of Marathon take place?

490 B.C.

Why is marathon 26 miles?

As the story goes, Queen Alexandra requested that the race start on the lawn of Windsor Castle (so the littlest royals could watch from the window of their nursery, according to some accounts) and finish in front of the royal box at the Olympic stadium—a distance that happened to be 26.2 miles ( 26 miles and 385 yards).

What weapons were used in the Battle of Marathon?

their main weapon was the long, heavy spear , and they shielded themselves with heavy armament including helmets, shields , and breastplates. they favored close combat battle formations, lacking both cavalry and bows . 2 The Battle The Persian invasion at marathon occurred on September 9, 490 BC.

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Why is the battle of Marathon so important?

Despite the death of their commander, the Greeks had won a stunning victory for very minor losses. Marathon did not end the wars against Persia, but was the first turning point in establishing the success of the Greek, and specifically Athenian way, which would eventually give rise to all western culture as we know it.

Why was the Greek victory at Marathon so surprising?

Why was the Greek victory at Marathon so surprising ? Because the Persian empire was expected to win because it was so much larger than Greece. The Greeks and persians fought at Plataea. After the Greek victory the threat from the Persian Empire was finally over.

How did Sparta beat Athens?

Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

Why do marathon runners collapse and die?

Why do marathon runners collapse and die ? Some of the reasons why marathon runners often collapse near the finishing line is because the build-up of lactic acid in the blood during the run triggers abnormal heart rhythms and also exhaustion, emotional stress, dehydration and heat stroke.

How long did the battle of Marathon?

three days

Who defeated Sparta?

Thebes

Did the first person to run a marathon died?

Well, sure–all of us do eventually–but there’s nothing in the historical record to suggest that Pheidippides died upon completing his Athens/Sparta run , or any other run . Did Anybody Run from Marathon to Athens?

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How many Persians and Greeks were killed at the Battle of Marathon?

192 Greeks

Why was Persia ultimately unsuccessful in conquering Greece?

Why was Persia ultimately unsuccessful in conquering Greece ? Persia’s distance from Greece worked to its disadvantage. Persia’s leadership did not match the well-trained Greeks ‘ leadership. Athens and Sparta were unbeatable when the two were united.