What was the outcome of the battle of Marathon?
The battle was the culmination of the first attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to subjugate Greece. The Greek army decisively defeated the more numerous Persians, marking a turning point in the Greco-Persian Wars.
What happened at the Battle of Marathon quizlet?
What happened at the Battle of Marathon ? Miltiades sent a runner back to Athens to tell of the victory. Two burial mounds were raised – 1 for Athenians and the other for Plataeans – unusual funeral practice as tomb was made on the spot & has since been respected as a war memorial.
How did the Athenians win the battle of Marathon?
“The Athenians on one wing and the Plataeans on the other were both victorious. Having got the upper hand, they left the defeated enemy to make their escape, and them drawing the two wings together into a single unit, they turned their attention to the Persians who had broken through in the centre.
What was the Battle of Marathon and why was it important?
The Battle of Marathon was fought because the Persian Army wanted to defeat the Greek city-states that supported the uprisings in Ionia, part of modern-day Turkey, against the Persian Empire. The Persian expeditionary force of Darius I was not large, perhaps numbering under 30,000.
How many died at the Battle of Marathon?
|Battle of Marathon|
|9,000 – 10,000 Athenians, 1,000 Plataeans||20,000 – 100,000 infantry and 1,000 cavalry (modern estimates) 600 ships, 200,000 – 600,000 infantry, and 10,000 cavalry (various ancient accounts)|
|Casualties and losses|
|192 Athenians, 11 Plataeans (Herodotus)||6,400 dead 7 ships destroyed (Herodotus)|
Why was it called the Battle of Marathon?
Following their success at Marathon , legend has it the Athenians dispatched a runner named Pheidippides to announce the victory in Athens – some 26 miles away. Upon reaching Athens, Pheidippides is said to have exclaimed, “Nike!” (the Greek word for victory), before collapsing dead from exhaustion.
What was the historical significance of the Battle of Marathon?
The Battle on the plain of Marathon in September 490 BCE between Greeks and the invading forces of Persian king Darius I (r. 522-486 BCE) was a victory that would go down in folklore as the moment the Greek city-states showed the world their courage and excellence and won their liberty.
Why is the battle of Marathon important in the big scheme of things?
Because their victory had inspired other Greeks to resist Xerxes, Marathon had been an important battle : in Marathon , the foundations of western civilization had been laid. The first is that the Athenians were fighting for the independence of Greece.
Why was the Greek victory at Marathon so surprising?
Why was the Greek victory at Marathon so surprising ? Because the Persian empire was expected to win because it was so much larger than Greece. The Greeks and persians fought at Plataea. After the Greek victory the threat from the Persian Empire was finally over.
Who defeated Sparta?
How did Sparta beat Athens?
Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.
Why is a marathon 26 miles?
The idea for the modern marathon was inspired by the legend of an ancient Greek messenger who raced from the site of Marathon to Athens, a distance of about 40 kilometers, or nearly 25 miles , with the news of an important Greek victory over an invading army of Persians in 490 B.C. After making his announcement, the
What weapons were used in the Battle of Marathon?
their main weapon was the long, heavy spear , and they shielded themselves with heavy armament including helmets, shields , and breastplates. they favored close combat battle formations, lacking both cavalry and bows . 2 The Battle The Persian invasion at marathon occurred on September 9, 490 BC.
Who defeated the Greeks?
By 146 BCE Romans had conquered the Greek city-states. Heavy taxes were paid by the provinces to support the luxury of Rome ; the conquered people began to resent this. Greece didn’t really decline as a culture because the Macedonians ( Alexander the Great ) and the Romans both adopted and spread Greek culture.
Why was Sparta better than Athens?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.